A Brief Summary of Williamsburg's Historical Settlements
Williamsburg, VA is one of the most historic places in the United States. Since its founding as the capital of the Virginia Colony in 1699, its roots have influenced not only the surrounding area but also the entire country. While the original colonies no longer exist, their legacies, as well as historic sites, are still standing to give visitors an in-depth look at the lives and influence of Williamsburg. During its vast history, Williamsburg saw many historical events happen on its grounds, including important battles in the American Revolutionary War and the American Civil War.
Now a modern day outdoors museum, Colonial Williamsburg is one of the most historical places in the country. After Jamestown was abandoned in 1699, Williamsburg became Virginia's capital. Dedicated to exploring and preserving the history of Williamsburg after this fact, Colonial Williamsburg pays tribute to the history of this city through exhibitions, live re-enactors, and displays. Many of the original buildings still stand and have been authentically restored. Within its 301 acres, visitors will find an entire city brimming with intricacies of the past. Just a few of the displays visitors will find at Colonial Williamsburg include:
- The Bruton Parish Church
- The Capitol
- The Courthouse
- Governor's Palace
- Great Hopes Plantation
- Market Square
- Public Hospital
- Raleigh Tavern
As the original capital of Virginia, Jamestown is equally historical. In 1607, 104 Englishmen settled Jamestown with three ships: The Susan Constant, Godspeed, and the Discovery. It was chosen because it fit the criteria needed:
- It was surrounded by water on three sides.
- Far inland, making it easily defended.
- Not inhabited by Native Americans.
- Water was deep enough for them to anchor their boats.
The colony was originally led by Edward Maria Winfield, who saw over Jamestown as it quickly succumbed to disease, famine, and more. A harsh winter that happened in 1609 was even rumored to have led them to cannibalism. Thankfully for them, the Powhatan Native Americans gave them food, allowing them to survive longer. Then, in 1612, John Rolfe helped create a new strain of tobacco which helped Jamestown boom. Ultimately, the introduction of slavery was what saved the colony in 1619 and it built its success around tobacco growing and from the labors of its enslaved people.
However, it wasn't enough to save the Jamestown Settlement from failure. In 1624, the Virginia Company was considered bankrupt and the capital of Virginia was eventually moved to modern day Williamsburg.
Some interesting facts about Jamestown:
- The acknowledged religion of Jamestown was that of England, and the Church of England.
- The Jamestown Flag was the British Union Flag.
- The original settlers were all men.
- The settlers resorted to cannibalism during the 'Starving Time'.
- It almost failed because people wanted to search for gold rather than grow crops.
Modernly, the Jamestown Settlement features a variety of exhibits, including original replicas of the three ships, the military fort, a Powhatan village, and more. By recreating the world of the 1600s, it allows the legacy - and both the success and failures - of Jamestown to be discovered by visitors.
One of the most fascinating pieces of Williamsburg history occurred during the American Revolutionary War. At this historic site, visitors can discover the history of the Battle of Yorktown, a bloody event that happened from September 28 until October 19, 1781. This was the last battle of the American Revolutionary War and ultimately led to America's independence from Britain. Some important historical events that happened because of the Battle of Yorktown:
- America became independent from England.
- George Washington's leadership during the war cemented his eventually presidency.
- Led to the drafting of the Declaration of Independence.
- Led to America's birth and subsequent history.
Because of this battle and its outcome the American government was created, making it perhaps the most important historical event in the country.
Today, the museum displays a variety of artifacts, exhibits, and displays dedicated to the American Revolution and those who fought in it. Visitors will be able to enjoy many films and galleries as well as see a Revolution-era farm, a Continental Army camp, and see stories of free and enslaved African Americans from that time period. This interactive exhibit is known as one of the Top 52 Places to Visit by the New York Times, so it is a must-visit location during your time in Williamsburg.