Federal Hall National Memorial in New York City, NY
It is the site where John Peter Zenger was jailed, tried and acquitted, where the Stamp Act Congress came to be, where the Northwest Ordinance was adopted, where Pierre L'Enfant remodeled City Hall for the new federal government, where the First Congress met to write the Bill of Rights and where George Washington was inaugurated.
The structure that is seen on the building today was that of a Customs House that opened in 1842. The Customs moved 20 years later to 55 Wall Street and the building was transformed to the US Sub-Treasury. For years, millions of dollars of gold and silver were kept in the basement vaults of the beginning until the Federal Reserve Bank replaced the Sub-Treasury system in 1920.