Charlottesville is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. It is named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the queen consort of the United Kingdom.
Charlottesville is best known as the home to two U.S. Presidents (Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe), and nearby is that of James Madison in Orange, as well as the home of the University of Virginia, which, along with Monticello is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Monticello, Jefferson's mountain-top home, attracts approximately half a million tourists every year. While both served as Governor of Virginia, they lived in Charlottesville and traveled to and from the capitol (Richmond, Virginia) along the 71-mile historic Three Notch'd Road.